What are the Top 5 Common Sports Injuries

Posted by on Jul 2, 2014 in Back, knee injury, Pain, Tips | 0 comments

twisted angleThere are innumerous sports injuries that men and women can suffer from while enjoying their physical activities. However, this article will only talk about the top 5 injuries and discuss how to prevent and treat them.

  • Achilles tendinitis

This happens when the tendon at the back of the ankle is overused and inflamed. Intensive pain can occur when this happens and it is often referred to as the acute Achilles tendinitis. This injury should not be taken lightly as it can lead to serious injury and can make it impossible for the injured to run. This injury usually happens to runners and athletes who participate in sports that involve running or jumping.

How to prevent it: stretching and strengthening exercises for the muscles can help prevent injury in the Achilles tendon.

Treatment: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation (RICE)

  • Concussion

This injury is more serious as it is an injury to the brain caused by a blow to the head. Symptoms of the injury include disorientation, vision disturbance, headache and many more. Concussions usually happen with football players, boxers, soccer players and anyone playing sports that require contact.

How to prevent it: the best way to avoid having concussions? It’s simple, avoid contact sports.

Treatment: Rest, some take Tylenol for the pain.

  • Groin Strain

This refers to a strained groin or adductor muscles. This usually happens when there is a sudden change in direction of running like when playing soccer or hockey. Symptoms include sharp pain, swelling and at times bruising.

How to prevent it: stretching before doing exercise and gradual increase in the activity.

Treatment: RICE, anti-inflammatory medications

  • Shin Splints

This injury happens on the inner side of the shinbone. The muscles around it are inflamed and stressed out. This usually happens to people who are not used to exercising. This occurs when the intensity of one’s workout is rapidly increased.

How to prevent it: wear good shoes, proper training, stretching and gradual increase in workout

Treatment: ice, stretching and anti-inflammatory medications

Lower back pain is not really common in athletes but those who run, cycle, play golf and tennis usually suffer from this pain. There are many types of lower back pain including bulging discs, back spasms, sciatica, etc. This is usually caused by improper stretching before doing exercise.

How to prevent it: proper warm up before exercising

Treatment: for bulging discs and sciatica require fast medical treatment, muscle pull or back spasm can be cured by RICE, stretching or anti-inflammatory medication

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