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Parkinson’s Disease and Therapy

Posted by on Dec 20, 2013 in Tips | 0 comments

Parkinson’s Disease and Therapy

A degenerative disease in the central nervous system characterizes Parkinson’s. Gradual development of symptoms occurs in no particular order over no set span of time and the severity of the symptoms varies from one person to another. What makes Parkinson’s a very difficult disease to battle with is that it affects other people around as much as it affects the patient. Genetic and environmental factors are said to be the cause of Parkinson’s. Because of the loss of nerve cells in the substantia nigra of the brain, dopamine production is reduced, which then results to the difficulty of movement in different parts of the body. The lack of dopamine is the culprit responsible for many of the symptoms of Parkinson’s. There are three types of symptoms for Parkinson’s disease. They are motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms and symptoms that affect the autonomic nervous system. The motor symptoms include tremors, bradykinesia and rigidity. Because of this, it makes it very hard for a patient with Parkinson’s to live alone and without any help. Support is very much needed and therapy is an absolute must to lessen the degenerative effects of the symptoms. Another motor symptom that may result from the dopaminergic drug is dystonia that may affect the hands, head, neck and eyelids. Parkinson’s patients are also very prone to falls and injuries because their sense of balance is affected, especially at the advanced stages. The neuropsychiatric symptoms include depression, anxiety, dementia and difficulty sleeping. This is why it’s hard to deal with Parkinson’s patients. Someone taking care of them may feel like there is nothing they can do to make the patient better if the patient is experiencing depression and anxiety. Since the autonomic nervous system is also affected, patients may then experience problems urinating, blood pressure, excessive sweating and malnutrition. To help alleviate some of the pains and difficulties of Parkinson’s disease patients, physiotherapy and occupational therapy may be done. The neurological damage cannot be reversed by therapy so it will not cure the disease but the tightness, the pain and the weakness in the muscles and joints may be lessened. The therapist can help you exercise to strengthen and loosen your muscles so that you can increase independence and somehow try to get back living a normal life. Lack of coordination, balance issues, gait, immobility, weakness and pain may be lessened with the help of physical therapy. Speech and language therapy may also be part of the process as well as diet advice for the patient. The supportive therapy you get from the early stage of Parkinson’s will help improve the quality of life. Aside from therapy, medication and sometimes surgery will be required to treat patients with Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s progresses over time. Without proper treatment of the symptoms, progression can occur faster. Because of this, treatment of PD symptoms is widely made available with the hope to give patients a better quality of life and a longer life expectancy. About 1 million people in the US is affected by Parkinson’s and since the cause is still unknown, this degenerative disease is something that many remain hopeful to win against....

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