Knee Therapy

The anatomy of the knee is very complex. It is a joint that connects the thigh (femur) to the lower leg (tibia and fibula). In the front of the knee sits the kneecap (patella). The shock absorbing structure of the knee is called the meniscus. It is a C-shaped cushion of cartilage and lies between the femur and the tibia. Ligaments help to control the knee. The major muscles that cross the knee are the quadriceps, hamstrings and calf muscles (gastrocnemius).
Knee Physical Therapy

This joint is vulnerable to both acute and chronic injury including arthritis.

Common knee injuries seen in physical therapy are:

  • Ligament Tears
  • Meniscal Tears
  • Degenerative Changes (Osteoarthritis)
  • Soft tissue inflammation/tendinitis
  • Muscle weakness and imbalance
  • Kneecap problems / patella-femoral pain syndrome